Forktruck Hire – Top Tips

Warehouses and distribution operations know just how important forktrucks are to the running of their business. Many companies feel it is more economical for them to use a fork truck hire company rather than buying their own fork lift. When using a fork lift hire company there are some key tips you should be aware of to ensure you hire the fork lift right for you and your business.

Forklift Hire Requirements – before you begin contacting fork truck hire companies you will need to have a set list of requirements in place for what it is you are after, for example in order for them to help you they will need to know how often you require the forklift, what the forklift will be used for, length of contract and so on.

Forklift Hire Budget – when you begin your search through the vast amount of forktruck hire companies have a budget in mind of how much you are wanting to spend. After you have detailed your specific requirements they will be able to give you an approximate price range, knowing your budget will help you make your final decision.

Shop Around For Quotes – don’t go with the first forklift hire company you come across, call around and gather together at least 3 quotations from different companies so you have something to compare each one too. The first company may seem great when you first speak to them and you are sure you want to use that company but the second or third company could be even better and for a fraction of the price.

Compare the Quotes – having gathered your quotes from the different companies don’t just compare the price, although this is important, but also look at the difference in the level of service you receive. There very well may be a difference in price but this may be for a reason, you may receive three times the amount of service on the most expensive quotation but it could be worth the money. Look at every aspect of the quotation and read each carefully, you are about to enter into a contract with this company and so be sure you know what you are entering into.

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PC Enclosures – The different kinds available

When SAP or SCADA is being installed on a production floor there are many items to consider and one the main overlooked solutions is how to protect the factory information system.

Now this does actually depends upon the hardware that will be used with the information system solution, some use standard computers, others use small form factor PCs, obviously the thin client units take up a lot less space in the factory and are normally wired to a TFT screen, were the PC is normally connected to a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) screen these are much bigger and need a lot more space.

Now let us look at the options.

Small Form Factor PC Enclosure.
This will accommodate a thin client and a TFT display up to and including a 19″ display, the case ideally should be made from steel and powder coated in a general manufacturing factory or food quality stainless steel for food processing factories. These can also be either touch screen or have a keyboard in a rollout drawer below for inputting data.

Computer Enclosure.
These accommodate the computer in its normal position with a screen on top of the PC, or alternatively depending upon security a separate compartment may be needed only allowing access to the keyboard for the operator whilst the computer department has full access to the computer whilst no one else has.

Pros- well both units can need to offer protection from dust and air borne particles in general manufacturing factories, these are referred to as IP56, this means that the unit will prevent dust entering the case and the case is also splash resistant. These special cases provide a safe and secure area for the computers allowing the business to function more efficiently.

Disadvantages- well this does depend upon which unit you use, if your factory has got lots of unused floor space the lower cost PC enclosure is perfect however the small form factor PC enclosure offers a more eye catching appeal and will certainly make visitors think that you can check the progress of orders during production.

Just remember that a well thought out project will have a faster ROI.

About the Author

Graham owns the leading manufacturer of LCD enclosures, as well as a range of PC enclosures are used throughout the world through a network of integrators.

Sewage Treatment Plant For Wastewater Treatment Plant

Why Sewage Treatment Plant?

One question that many people might ask is, “Why not simply dump this wastewater onto the ground outside the house, or into a nearby stream?” If you release wastewater directly into the environment, things get very smelly very fast. Human waste naturally contains bacteria that can cause disease. Once water becomes infected with these bacteria, it becomes a health hazard. The increased algae, reduced oxygen and murkiness destroy the ability of a stream or lake to support wildlife, and all of the fish, frogs and other life forms quickly die. That’s why communities build wastewater treatment plants and enforce laws against the release of raw sewage into the environment.

Stages in Sewage Treatment Plant


Pre-treatment removes materials that can be easily collected from the raw wastewater before they damage or clog the pumps and skimmers of primary treatment clarifiers. The influent sewage water is strained to remove all large objects carried in the sewage stream. This is most commonly done with an automated mechanically raked bar screen in modern plants serving large populations, whilst in smaller or less modern plants a manually cleaned screen may be used.

Primary treatment:

Conventional sewage treatment may involve three stages, called primary, secondary and tertiary treatment. Primary treatment consists of temporarily holding the sewage in a quiescent basin where heavy solids can settle to the bottom while oil, grease and lighter solids float to the surface. The settled and floating materials are removed and the remaining liquid may be discharged or subjected to secondary treatment.

Secondary treatment:

Secondary treatment is typically performed by indigenous, water-borne micro-organisms in a managed habitat. Secondary treatment may require a separation process to remove the micro-organisms from the treated water prior to discharge or tertiary treatment. Secondary treatment removes dissolved and suspended biological matter.Tertiary treatment: Tertiary treatment is effected by sand filters, mechanical filtration or by passing the effluent through a constructed wetland such as a reed bed or grass plot. Tertiary treatment is sometimes defined as anything more than primary and secondary treatment. Treated water is sometimes disinfected chemically or physically (for example by lagoons and micro filtration) prior to discharge into a stream, river, bay, lagoon or wetland, or it can be used for the irrigation of a golf course, green way or park. If it is sufficiently clean, it can also be used for groundwater recharge or agricultural purposes.

Sludge Treatment

Sludge produced by sewage treatment is organic in nature and contain useful amounts of plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and essential trace elements. The first objective should be to utilize the sludge as a fertilizer or soil conditioner on agricultural land. Sludge is treated using a variety of digestion techniques, the purpose of which is to reduce the amount of organic matter and the number of disease-causing microorganisms present in the solids. The most common treatment options include anaerobic digestion, aerobic digestion, and composting.Anaerobic digestion generates biogas with a high proportion of methane that may be used to both heat the tank and run engines or microturbines for other on-site processes. In large treatment plants sufficient energy can be generated in this way to produce more electricity than the machines require. Anaerobic digestion is a bacterial process that is carried out in the absence of oxygen.Aerobic digestion is a bacterial process occurring in the presence of oxygen. Under aerobic conditions, bacteria rapidly consume organic matter and convert it into carbon dioxide. Once there is a lack of organic matter, bacteria die and are used as food by other bacteria.

About the Author

Shubham is the leading Indian water and wastewater Treatment Company providing the most comprehensive water and waste water treatment systems and services for industrial, institutional and municipal customers. Through a pioneering approach in water and waste water treatment, Shubham works to service its clients through a holistic approach.

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Different Types of Chlorinators

Chlorinators have become one of the most powerful tools of water treatment. These have proven to be highly beneficial thanks to their low maintenance, sturdy construction and cost effectiveness. Owing to these qualities, these are widely used in swimming pools, thermal power plants and public health departments. Normally, every chlorinator you buy is pre-tested and pre-assembled, which saves you a lot of money on the installation cost. Even the maintenance cost is not that high either. The compact design of its components and their reach ability from the rear of the cabinet makes its maintenance quite convenient.

You would find two types of chlorinators available in the market. These are electro chlorinators and gas chlorinators. Electro chlorinators purify the water by using salt, water and electricity. The major advantage of these kinds of chlorinators is their operating cost, which is lower than the conventional methods. The reason for it is that on-sit generation of sodium hypochlorite allows the production according to the actual requirements. Another advantage is that these can even handle purifications of well water. Moreover, the entire processing in it is automatic with multiple interlock.

The second type of chlorinator is the gas chlorinator. Also known as absorption tower chlorinator, these are made from components, which are especially designed to reduce the maintenance cost. The various models of gas chlorinators available in the market are Floor Mounted, Wall Mounted, Cylinder or Tonner Mounted. All of these are fitted with advanced gas manifolds systems and are provided to customers in pressure type and vacuum operated designs. These type of chlorinators have vacuum regulators integrated with them to ensure that these only open after the injector has generated vacuum. The gas chlorinators are quite user friendly and easy to maintain as well. These can easily be mounted on a 1000 kg tonner or 65/100 kg cylinder.

The chlorinators available nowadays are made from components and material that show chlorine resistance. Some of these components are PVC, Teflon (PTFE), HDPE, Silver, Carbon Steel, Monel and Fiber Glass. Owing to these components, the chlorinators show better endurance.

These are many companies which hold expertise in designing and fabricating performance oriented chlorinators. You can carry out the search on the internet and can find the chlorinator that suits your purpose. Many companies are also providing with many accessories that ensure proper functioning of the chlorinator.

About the Author

The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher for Business Development. Visit at to know more about Chlorinators, Gas manifolds and Electro Chlorinators.

Various Types of the Copper Fitting

Actually, the development of the modern industry has benefited a lot on many aspects during our daily life. In terms of the wide range of mechanical equipments, it should be mentioned that all components are all playing the indispensable roles. The pipe fittings are included, which are usually made of the stainless steel or copper. They provide excellent connecting performance in both the manufacturing and installing process for plenty of machines. Most ones are used to connect the ends of two pipes, while some are used for close the end of the pipe. At this moment, several main types of the copper fittings are introduced in the following.

Firstly, sanitary tee is generally used to join pipes with entering at 90 degrees by the aid of the branch. And the street elbow fitting is popular used to join two pipes in two different manufacturing materials. Secondly, there is a fitting called the closet bend. It is generally placed in the closet flange in the systems of the toilet. Once fixed with the closet bend, the flange has been excellently attached the flange to the toilet bowl and floor. Besides, there is a great amount of other copper fitting for the clean-out or slip use. All this type is used for the access into the inside of the pipes. Whatever, the copper fitting named the drum trap is made to attach the drainage pipe. In fact, it is widely used in our daily life such as the bathtub drain.

Some types of the copper fitting are connected to the mechanisms with the screws, bolts or nuts. But some are connected to the mechanical device with the soldering way. For example, the sweat type fitting is secured by the soldering way.

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Radiators –functional slabs of metal or sculptural works of art?

Hot water radiators:

A boiler heats water which is then pumped around pipes into the radiators. The radiator is essentially a pipe that is bent at right angles back and forth (depending on the size of the radiator) to create a large surface area through which heat can radiate into the room. Water enters the radiator and then leaves through valves at the bottom; by manually screwing down this valve you can minimise the amount of hot water entering the upper part of the radiator.
Thermostatic valves (TRVs) fitted to radiators give automatic control over the temperature in individual rooms of your home, the hot water circulating throughout the central heating system until a thermostat reaches the desired temperature after which, it switches the pump off. This helps to reduce the energy your boiler uses and helps to save you money.

It’s best not to fit radiator valves in a room where you have your main wall thermostat, because the two will work in opposition so that if the wall thermostat switches the boiler off, the radiator valve thermostat will try to switch it back on again, and vice-versa.
When the heating first comes on and the radiators are cool, the boiler fires up and any radiators with the valves turned on rapidly heat up as the hot water passes into them. This process stops when they reach their set temperature. Depending on how high the thermostats have been set, they begin to switch off so the boiler fires up less often. This in turn, reduces the temperature of the hot water flowing through the radiators and so they cool down again. If the room cools down too much, the valves open up again, increasing the call for heat from the boiler, thus raising the room temperature once again.

Positioning Radiators.

Radiators were most often positioned under windows where they were out of the way of more bulky furniture and where there was a better air circulation. The hot air rose and the cold air descended – the cold air pushed the hot air inside the room. However, heat was often prevented from circulating efficiently and pulled curtains keep the heat trapped between the glazing unit and inner face of the curtain.
In modern dwellings, better construction techniques and energy efficient building products reduce thermal bridging (previously responsible for ‘drawing’ cold area into a building.)
More thermally efficient window designs and double glazed units retain the heat and reduce the need for bulky radiators. Radiators have, as such been designed to have a dual purpose – sculptural works of art and sophisticated heating elements.
These new style radiators can be placed with more choice as to their position. Placing radiators on internal walls allows the heat energy to be absorbed into the mass of the wall itself – this concept means that the heat having been stored within the fabric of the wall, becomes the ideal thermal mass to transfer this heat back out again when conditions allow.

For more information on radiators and heating systems go to

About the Author

Now that winter is upon us, we perhaps notice radiators more than at other times of the year.
For so long, radiators have had a purely functional role radiating heat into a room or space.

Rudiments Of Stick Welding

In welding jargon stick welding is a nickname for Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) or Arc Welding. The name stick welding is the result of the stick like appearance of the electrode that forms the crust of arc welding. There are 5 most basic aspects that can be very influential in deciding the effectiveness of the process. They are what we call as CLAMS.

CLAMS should be expanded as
C – Current setting
L – Length of arc
A – Angle of travel
M – Manipulation
S – Speed of travel

Current setting – Electrode and its type influences the decision of selecting the appropriate current of amperage. Operating ranges can be read from the display at the side of the electrode box. The newest machines do bear with them a label that suggests you appropriate amperage values for the list of electrode thicknesses that are most often use.

Length of arc – Longer lengths lead to excess spatter and undercuts too. Choose a length that is most appropriate to the electrode that you have decided to use for the specific task. Avoid holding the electrode way too close as it leads to a sharp decrease in voltage. Newbie make a mistake of holding the electrode too far and produce a lot of spatter. Constant practice will teach you that controlled and tight length of arc will result in minimal spatter and great beads.

Angle of travel – Perpendicular position will lead to great beads.

Manipulation – It is wise to build up on the basics that you have acquired. But the basics should be strong as this is what can take you places as a professional welder. With keen observance and innovation at your leisure will eventually give you your own style of performing the job.

Speed of travel – Continually maintaining the same speed of travel will give you good beads. However you have got to alter the speed to make the arc stay within the specific area. High speeds will produce high crowns and undercuts too. They are not efficient when it comes to penetration too.

Most important of these all, be open and prepared to accept your mistakes. No one person has mastered the art without any errors whatsoever. But try to keep your view strictly to the puddle. Make necessary arrangements so that you get a clear view of the puddle. Be calm and learn from your mistakes. That is the best that you can do as the first step towards learning. Also learn to re-weld you mistakes away. They are useful to keep wastage to a minimum. Keep yourself away from the harm that a machine is capable of and strictly adhere to the safety precautions that should be followed while performing these risky tasks.

About the Author

Brayan Peter is an expert author for Welder, Plasma Cutter,Welders. He written many articles like Plasma Cutters, Plasma Cutting Machine, Welding Equipments, Tig, Welding Machines,Diesel Generators, Welding Helmets. Visit our site

Stability Testing Chambers in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Stability testing chambers are enclosures used to assess the effects of pre-specified environmental circumstances on biological materials and industrial/electronic components. The most common use of these stability chambers (sometimes referred to as environmental chambers) is that of stand-alone specimen testing for decomposition and reduced efficiency under various temperature and humidity ranges.

Small Scale Stability Testing

Stability chambers were originally large and immobile but the demands of modern testing applications have led to smaller, more portable units. This is often called “Small Scale Stability Testing” and is commonly used in Food and Pharmaceutical product testing.

Using wireless technology provides convenient wireless test kits complete with calibrated sensor caps, logger caps and related logging software compliant software.

How Stability Testing Works

1. Humidity capsules are used to control the humidity within the test chamber
2. The humidity capsule is pierced and placed in the test chamber
3. The test material is placed in one of the other compartments within the test chamber
4. Sensor caps incorporate a temperature and humidity sensor on the inside of the cap
5. The sensor cap is also used to seal the test chamber
6. A logger cap which contains a memory chip and short range transceiver is connected to the sensor cap and is used to collect and transmit data wirelessly to the Control Software
7. Before connection the logger cap must first receive the test settings by docking the logger cap on the basestation which is connected to a computer or laptop.
8. The logger cap is then connected to the sensor cap to initiate the test. The unit is then incubated at the required temperature for the require time.
9. The temperature and humidity test conditions are then transferred wirelessly to the Control Software for presentation and reporting.

Each test monitored in its own micro-humidity chamber and humidity settings can be varied according to the testing requirement. Some Stability Testing are sold complete with customisable control software and built in offsite backups which comes in handy if when testing a large number of samples or when many locations need to share testing data quickly.

If possible try to source your stability testing chambers from a provider that also offers repair and calibration services. The integrity of the data is based on properly calibrated and fully functional units.

About the Author

Amebis Ltd specialises in small scale stability testing chambers for the pharmaceutical industry. Manufactured in Ireland and available to Europe and the US.

Eminence of selecting the apt manufacturer for Industrial Pumps, Industrial Filtration Equipment and Chemical Pumps

When it comes to industrial pumps, chemical pumps, industrial filtration equipment, there are a galore of manufacturers and suppliers available to provide you with the latest devices available in the market.

There are many manufacturers who provide custom designed pumping solutions for any pumping requirement. But the most important aspect is how to choose or select the authentic and reliable manufacturer or supplier. The solution is to figure out about the details of its manufacturing and also find out the over all performance and kind of customers it has.

A good manufacturer of industrial pumps will be offering highly efficient & advanced technology, solution engineering, life long performance in addition to excellent service support making the company a natural preferred choice of pump users for industrial pumping requirements. It would also offer customer-support services from highly skilled technicians within 24 – 48 hours of reporting. A world class manufacturer will never compromise on quality and will use excellent quality of raw materials to ensure best of products.

A reputed industrial pumps and chemical pumps manufacturer makes every effort to cater to the needs of its industry and is committed to continually improve the effectiveness of quality of products by meeting the international quality standards and carry one of the most comprehensive and complete lines of industrial pumps, chemical pumps and industrial filtration equipments with most orders shipped within twenty four hours.

One such manufacturer is JH Process Equipment Inc. With over two decades of expertise in manufacturing Industrial Pumps, Industrial Filtration Equipment, Chemical Pumps and Valves, JH Process has earned the accolades of its customers since its inception. Driven by passion and integrity towards its work, the company has truly created a stable and secure position in the market. They are known for their excellent customer service and their involvement with the clients. They also provide consultation along with their products so that they can guide their customers to choose the required products. Be it industrial pumps, chemical pumps, industrial filtration equipment, JH Process has created a niche in the market for each of its product. It offers ideal solution for pumping liquids.

If you want to know more about JH Process and its products log on to

About the Author

JH Process is also known for the best Industrial Pumps Suppliers and Filtration Equipment Suppliers and has built strong relationship with customers.

The Hazards of Occupational Noise Exposure

Occupational noise hazard are frequently ignored by most workers as well as employers because it is invisible. They prioritize visible hazards such like fire, hazardous chemical, compressed gases, falls, slips and electric hazards. They think these hazards could be harmful to workers’ safety and health directly. However, most worker and employers do not realize that occupational noise will do the same. The differences are only on delay and indirect effect.

We understand that long-term exposure of high occupational noise will not hurt worker’s leg like fall accident. But they do not realize that the soft tissue inside the ears will be damaged and occupational noise hazard can cause permanent damaged to worker’s hearing ability.

Of course it takes time to see the effect of high noise level hazard to worker’s hearing ability, since it depends on noise level and exposure time. Each country in the world may have determined its own permissible noise exposure level (dB) and exposure time.

Hearing Loss Symptoms

Hearing loss is the most severe effect of loud occupational noise, although it is not a painful effect. Generally, there are several symptoms that accompany hearing loss. It could be muted sounding voices, ringing felt inside the ears, which is evident in silent places, and feeling of strain inside the ears.

Inner ears damage may remain even though hearing loss symptoms are weaken. The condition will get worse if exposure to hazardous occupational noise level is continued.

Workers who have already suffered hearing loss will face big problem for their individual and family life. Workers’ life will be saddening, stressful and frustrating.

After knowing the occupational noise hazards, the next step that we should do is to identify dangerous noise level sources in the plant site and take necessary counter measures to control the hazards. Put safety signs that show noise level (dB) of these sources in order to remind the workers.

About the Author

Lukman Nulhakiem is a chemical engineer who has many experiences in hazard recognition and hazard control studies. Learn more about safety tips for workplaces, visit his blog safety blog.